Shoulder height 45–50cm. Weight 7–11g.
With a tawny brown coat and dark, vertical stripes, this insectivorous hyena is not much bigger than a jackal and occurs in low numbers in most parts of Botswana. It is active mainly at night, gathering harvester termites (specifically those of the genus Trinervitermes), its principle food, with its wide, sticky tongue. These termites live underground (not in castle-like termite mounds) and come out at night to cut grass, and drag it back down with them. Occasionally it'll also take other insects, mice, birds and carrion.
Thus open grassland or lightly wooded areas form the typical habitat for aardwolves, which can sometimes be spotted around dusk, dawn, or on very overcast days, especially during the colder months. The Trinervitermes often thrive on overgrazed land, which means that aardwolf are often more common on farmland than in national parks – and I don't know of anywhere in central or northern Botswana where they're seen frequently.